ALL ABOUT ROYAL JELLY
The royal jelly has become very popular recently. This popularity rules among research experts, as well as, among practise professionals. The royal jelly has been used for treating on various medicine fields in various forms of application. Existing research workers’experiences show strengthen and stimulating effect on human’s body. This truly notable bee product has become well-known, especially because of beekeepers and their PR articles. Many of them were sure that the royal jelly consists of matters, which causes bee queen’s longevity. They wanted these matters to bring to other species, in particular mankind. We must not forget that the royal jelly is an extremely interesting and complex matter, which can change a larva of sterile worker into a huge queen, with fully developed ovaries. It is also well known that all larvae are fed with royal jelly in the very first days of their life. The royal jelly is the most important and sole feed material for all larvae. However, feeding the larvae, which are determined to be the queen, is never interrupted. The bee queen is constantly (with only short breaks) fed with royal jelly by a suit of workers. According to today’s convictions and researches, the eminent vivacity of the queen is caused exclusively by this extraordinary matter – royal jelly.
The royal jelly causes a huge (sometimes even 500 times) growth of weight of a larva in only six days. It means that the larva puts on weight from 0.3 mg to 150 mg, and not only this. The mature queen is capable to lay 1500 eggs a day. The weight of the laid eggs prevails actually hers own weight. This fertility does not stop until she dies. It is believed that the queen lives 4 – 6 years. The workers, on the other hand, live 4 – 6 weeks in summer or 6 months during the winter hibernation.
The exact composition of royal jelly had been a secret for quite a long time. Possibly the first one, who described feed of bee’s larvae, was S w a m m e r d a m. His findings were published in 1673. In this time, people were aware yet, that the royal jelly is an extraordinary bee feed, and that it gives a rapid rise to the mother queen and allows her to lay admirable number of eggs per day. Therefore, a lot of promotional rumor appeared, which declared, that the royal jelly had a miraculous influence on man’s health, was the elixir of life or a universal cure.
Nevertheless, the bee keepers, as the first people found out the benefits coming from the royal jelly consumption. They ate it straight from honey combs or with honey, which they mix it with, to preserve it. We know from history that even the old Indians (Incas) knew about good attributes of the royal jelly. The beauties of ancient Rome or Egypt used the royal jelly with honey and pollen to make their skin more beautiful.
The appropriate content of royal jelly was a subject of many researchers. We must especially remember E l s e r, M e l a m p y, J o n e s, L u c a s, T o w n s e n d. The Melampy’s analysis showed that the royal jelly has almost always the same content i.e.: 66.05% water and 39.95% dry matter. This dry matter consists of 12.34% protein, 5.46% fat, 12.49% carbohydrate and the rest are not yet known matter.
The origin of the royal jelly
L a n g e r in 1912 proved with no doubts that the royal jelly is a secretion of glands in the hypo pharynx. These glands are fully developed only by worker bees. Drones and queens do not have this type of glands.
The glands are placed in a worker’s head and they are in pair (right and left). The gland reminds a hosepipe ended as a blind fork. It measures 10 – 20 mm. The hosepipe serves as a gathering duct, on which are densely located sacs. Each sac, the number of them is quoted differently and is depended on the concrete author (550 in average), contains a finite amount of cells producing secretion.
If this cell is working, it creates vacuoles (cavities) filled with yellowish gland secretion. This process generally starts when the bee is about six days old. From the sixth till the ninth day is the creation of vacuoles and the production of the secret, highest. In that time serve young bees as feeders. Glands’ activity starts sometimes earlier or finishes later. The secretion vanishes after 7 – 14 days. To keep any bee colony in a good condition, it is absolutely necessary to have enough young feeders.
The gland development and satisfactory secrete production can be influenced mainly by pollen, respectively its digestible proteins. These are contained primarily in pollen of goat willows, fruit trees, poppies and other plants. Pollen is also significantly important for bee’s organism for its vitamins a minerals. These vitamins and minerals help with developing a solid bee’s skeleton.
Royal jelly gaining
The beekeeper, who decided to gain the royal jelly, uses fully the swarm mood of bees or provokes this kind of mood.
To the swarm mood tend especially bees whose queen is elder and therefore the eggs production is not as high as it used to be. A hive is more willing to accept a new breed and build more queen cells. To this right progress is necessary that the bee colony has larger stocks of pollen and honey. As a new breed is usually used one-day-old “worm” – larva.
It is well known that via inserting a new breed of the same age, we can achieve higher production of queen cells with an added quantity of the royal jelly. This is the reason, why we insert into an insulator a suitable honeycomb and add there the queen. She rapidly lays the extra honeycomb. After 24 hours we take the full honeycomb out of the insulator and insert it into a strong hive, where are also honeycombs with foetus present. We can repeat this manipulation with the mother queen and a new honeycomb every day. We can have a regular income of one-day-old larvae this way.
We cut the one-day-old larvae honeycombs into stripes. We use a warm knife for it and we cut it in the middle of every second cells line. Then we stick a stripe onto a breeding frame. Such series are suitable for inserting into a bee colony under a swarm mood. About one hour before that, the queen must have been taken out. After that hour the bees start feeling orphaned. Gaining the royal jelly, when the mother is not present, is one of the most favourite way, how to raise the royal jelly production.
The work routine, for the mother insulation in a whole birthplace, consists of taking out the foetal honeycombs with an opened foetus and putting it into an insulated beehive with its own entrance. All the flying workers leave soon the new hive and get back into the birthplace honeycomb. The original birthplace must have been previously refilled with an empty honeycomb. Therefore the bees stimulate the queen further to lay new eggs. In the following ten day we collect the royal jelly from the new built queen cells on the foetal honeycombs. After nine day are all the foetal honeycombs capped. We have to check properly all the foetal honeycombs if there is not a queen cell. After taking one non-foetal honeycomb out of the beehive, we insert a breeding frame (set). This working procedure, when we gain the royal jelly only constantly from the beehive, we can repeat several times. We collect the royal jelly from the foetal honeycombs (sets) always 50 – 65 hours after the insertion.
Royal jelly as a medicine since ancient times
Honey and royal jelly have been known for their healing ingredients since ancient times. The latest scientific research confirms the beneficial effect of royal jelly and the preparations based on royal jelly against many illnesses and ailments, while, on the other hand, contemporary medicine has not yet found adequate cures for these diseases. Royal jelly is created by worker bees secreting their saliva, and its main use is to feed the queen bee. Since the queen bee eats only royal jelly, the queen bee can lay around 2500 eggs a day, and lives up to 4-5 years, which is a much longer life-span than other bees`. ...read more
The composition of royal jelly
There has existed an eminent interest of the royal jelly composition and a lot of researchers have not left their interest till nowadays. The substance can be, according to the present analysis, divided into 8 groups. These are different in chemical compositions and biological influence:
1. mineral matters, 2. fats, 3. carbohydrates, 4. purins and pyrimidins, 5. amino acids and peptides, 6. proteins, 7. hormones, 8. vitamins. ...read more
Royal jelly’s effects on animal and human organism
V e r g e and D e r e v I c I o v á with collectives found out that the royal jelly, diluted 1:10, is toxic for some influenza viruses’ tribes (A and B). By us, V i t t e k and M a l ý pointed to some healing effects when some diseases are cured (herpes simplex, veruces). H e l l e u – M e l a m p y and others discovered that the royal jelly reduces or even stops some microbes’ growth; these effects are called bacteriostatic or bactericidal. ...read more
The royal jelly usage in medicine
Q u e r r e r o wanted to investigate antitumor effect of the royal jelly. Therefore he served to experimental animals with epitheliomas every day 50 mg of the royal jelly. He discovered that a significant recession of these tumors started. The same impact on the Ehrlich’s carcinoma proved D e r e v i c i o v á with her team. By now, this effect of the royal jelly or the acid 10-hydroxi-delta-2-decen on tumorous cells is not clear. ...read more
Royal jelly in a cosmetic care
The first pioneers who researched the
Royal jelly healing products : Effects of Gelée Royale, Vita-apinol
Gelée Royale – protective and regenerative cream. Using of this cream makes the skin regeneration much faster. It also improves the skin functions and it protects skin against adverse conditions. It is appropriate to apply this cream to finish scars healing after cosmetic interventions and scars after reconstruction surgery. This cream is suitable everywhere, where we need a smooth and pliable scar. It is also suitable to finish healing after transplants, grafts and to make epithelium tissues stronger. ...read more
What effect does one dose of royal jelly holds?
This incredible rejuvenation effect that comes with using royal jelly, is explained by modern science- quantum biology, based on the discoveries of quantum physics. Scientists, using highly sophisticated technology discovered that the effect of regular usage of royal jelly is instantly transferred to all cells, by communication network in the organism which consists of neural transmitters and hormones. Simply put, when one cell or one organ receives a positive information-all cells and organs are immediately informed about it and react by changing for the better. This, so called, quantum effect explained what some are experiencing for years with royal jelly, even those that take only one dose a day, but on a regular basis: simulative and balancing effect of jelly to the metabolism, by neurotransmitters, hormones and electrochemical signals, is transferred throughout the entire organism and “calibrates” vital functions and biochemical processes responsible for normal functioning, especially in stressful conditions-adaptogen. ...read more
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