The significance flower pollen has for the bees to successfully spend the winter and for an early development of a bee society is so great that record honey yields depend on it. It is also confirmed that pollen revives cells in human organism, accelerates recuperation after influenza, allays nervousness and creates physical resistance of the organism.
It is known that to maintain health, freshness and mood until deep into old age, a rational nutrition is required. Avoiding a normal and healthy nutrition long term leads to undermining metabolism, which finally leads to the advent of chronic diseases. These processes in organism develop slowly and cannot be observed immediately. To avoid this, daily nutrition should be complete.
Pollen mixed with honey is used in human nutrition as a means to impede ageing, for revitalization, to build up the organism`s defense capabilities, in treating prostate, anemia in children, etc. In recent years, pollen has been used in cosmetics for preparing ointments that refresh the skin and give the face a better look. Science has confirmed that our practices in nutrition have many deficiencies in important elements, thus causing a constant impairment to human health. Contemporary dieticians struggle with these deficiencies, not by applying drugs, but rather by improving nutrition and compensating for natural elements that renew one`s health, create balance in the organism and complement his mental and physical strength.
Pollen is a mixture of albumins, fats, mineral substances, carbohydrates, amino-acids, ferments, etheric oils and vitamins: aneurin, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, pyridoxine, pantothenic acid, folic acid, biotin, tocopherols, ascorbic acid, calciferol, carotene and rutin.
It is confirmed that pollen contains 20 out of 23 known amino-acids. The contents of amino-acids bound by albumins identical to the free amino-acids, is as follows: cystine, tryptophan, alanine, serine, threonine, proline, valine, lysine, arginine, histidine, glycocoll, glutamic acid, phenylalanine, leucine, isoleucine. Using chromatographic method it was also confirmed that the pollen lipids consist of free saturated fatty acids. Namely: palmitic, myristic and lauric acid, traces of monoglycerides and unsaturated fatty acids and triglycerides.
Of the bioactive mineral substances Ca, Fe, P, Mg, Co have been confirmed, and hormonal substances are found in certain kinds of pollen.
Many researchers were inspired by the variety of the precious substances in pollen, many of which play the role of a bio catalyst in human organism, to start using pollen as a therapeutic means. It is proven that pollen shows very good effects in the case of anemia, premature ageing, arterial hypertension, arteriosclerosis, cerebral sclerosis, digestion problems, it increases appetite and work ability, it normalizes the functioning of stomach. It is recommended to all who have been exposed to x-rays radiation or have been treated with a large dose of antibiotics.
Pollen can also be taken in the case of exhaustion, yellow fever and nervous depression. The experience gathered so far in the use of pollen confirms the health benefits of bee pollen and its multiple effects: pollen enables blood in the brain to circulate better, it makes mental work easier, it improves growth in children, it improves eyesight in children and adults, it helps alleviate heart and blood vessel diseases, it assists with treating prostate, it increases the hemoglobin percentage in blood, it improves vitality and the organism`s health condition. Practically, pollen contains everything that organism requires. Pollen is not yet adequately used in medicine for healing purposes. Nevertheless, in the natural medicine`s arsenal, pollen and royal jelly are considered a very popular tool that has multiple healing features, and many health benefits.
In time, pollen loses its valuable properties. For instance, pollen, when thoroughly dried and packed in plastic bags, loses 30% in six months, and in a year up to 75% of its nutritional and healing properties. After 2 years, pollen becomes practically useless.
The best ways of storing pollen are:
- in plastic bags, hermetically sealed, at the temperature of up to +4°C;
- mixed with honey (1:1) in a jar, topped with a layer of honey and sealed well;
- mixed with sugar.
Modern food industry uses lyophilization of pollen (removing moisture at temperatures below 0 degrees). Lyophilized pollen`s expiry date is after 5-7 years.
The chemical contents of pollen – in many pollen mixtures the following vitamins were found: thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), pyridoxine (B6), nicotinic acid, panthotenic acid, folic acid, ascorbic acid (C). Provitamin (A), the so called carotin, vitamin R (rutin) and vitamins E and D were also discovered. Using detailed analysis, it was established that pollen from many plants contains: silicon, sulfur, copper, cobalt, sodium, iron, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, barium, silver, zinc, chrome, strontium and other microelements. It also comprises of many albumins and free amino-acids, catalase ferments that are important for the organism and certain organic acids, malic acid, tartaric acid and lactic acid. With the action of ferments excreted by the bees when storing pollen into the honeycombs, after several weeks a significant change of matter takes place. Chemical contents and nutritional properties of fresh pollen and the pollen in honeycombs differ. The quantity of albumin and fat is decreased and the quantity of lactic acid is increased. The size of sugar is also increased, depending on the kind of honey bees add pollen to during preserving.